Feature 1:
Art and Architecture
Peter Zumthor
Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2011
Jean Nouvel
Sofitel Vienna Stephansdom


Henning Larsen Architects
Harpa Concert Hall and Conference Center
Feature 2:
Carlo Scarpa in Verona
This issue features three significant works by Carlo Scarpa in Verona, Italy: Castelvecchio Museum (19581975), The Banca Popolare di Verona (19731981) and Casa Ottolenghi (19741978). We had the opportunity to photograph these three works of Scarpa in 2009. These detailed photographs of Scarpas treatment of stucco, concrete, stone, wood and iron illustrate the challenges he set and solved in his search for new ways to work with materials.
In her essay, Alba Di Lieto explains the importance of close attention to Scarpas drawings. Scarpa regarded drawing as a device for the graphic transfer of his thinking. He was fond of the sayings draw to see and no day without a line, reflecting his conviction that daily exercise is necessary for every artist, as advocated by tradition. Together with a selection of new photographs, this issue reproduces many of the original drawings for these three works.
We would like to express our special thanks to the owners who kindly allowed their buildings to be photographed. We are also indebted to Alba Di Lieto, manager of the Carlo Scarpa Archive, which houses Scarpas original drawings.(a+u)
Carlo Scarpa in Verona
Alba Di Lieto
Castelvecchio Museum, 19581975
Banca Popolare in Verona, 19731981
Ottolenghi House, 19741978


Feature: Singapore, Capital City for Vertical Green
What makes Singapores urban environment unique? Using this simple inquiry as a starting point, we formulated 50 questions to probe the city states past, present and future. Though essays, interviews and round table discussions with key individuals from the public and private sectors, we have discovered the stories and ideas behind some of the citys most iconic projects.
A+U would like to express its gratitude to all the participants who have contributed their voices to this issue, with special thanks to the Urban Redevelopment Authority, Ms. Elaine Tan and Ms. Rachelle Su. From its conception, this publication benefited from the support and encouragement of Mr. Ng Lye Hock, Larry, Group Director of the Architecture & Urban Design Excellence, and Mr. Ng Lang, Chief Executive Officer of the Urban Redevelopment Authority. (a+u)
Q1 What does Singapore look like today?
Q2 Mayor Bloomberg How does a city thrive in the 21st century?
Lecture session: Michael Bloomberg
Q3 What is the state of urban development in Singapore?
Essay: Peter G. Rowe
Q4 Can the world be contained in 1,000 Singapores?
Q5 Do population growth and urbanization mean less green coverage?
Q6 What was Singapore like at the time of independence?
Q7 Going back in time?
Q8 A city in the making what were the milestones?
Q9 How has Singapores urban planning evolved?
Q10 What is the story behind Marina Bay?
Q11 What were Kenzo Tanges thoughts on Singapore?
Q12 Can a city achieve more from public-private partnership?
Q13 What is the landmark of Marina Bay?
Q14 Can we build a green paradise on earth?
Round Table 1: The Makings of Marina Bay
Q15 Can an island city ever have enough water?
Q16 Can you clean up a dirty river?
Q17 How to create a Garbage of Eden?
Q18 Can biodiversity thrive in a land-fill?
Round Table 2: Water Urbanism The Active, Beautiful, Clean Waters Programme
Q19 What is the ABC Waters programme?
Q20 Must a canal be just a canal?
Q21 From Garden City to City in a Garden?
Q22 A Green Walk round the island?
Q23 How do you bring people closer to nature?
Round Table 3: Bridging People and Nature The Southern Ridges
Q24 How do you house four million people?
Q25 What does HDB mean for Singaporeans?
Q26 How do we create variations in public housing?
Q27 Whats new with HDBs Punggol Waterway?
Q28 What is the latest feature for Public Housing?
Q29 Is there a limit to HDB design?
Round Table 4: Housing a Nation Building Homes and Communities
Q30 Is your built environment powered by BIM?
Q31 Can you have a building with zero energy consumption?
Q32 Planning beyond Singapore?
Q33 Jurong the smart district to watch?
Q34 What does Vertical Green mean?
Essay: Dr Tan Puay Yok
Q35 What are the different typologies of green?
Q36 How do we bring green into urban living? 116
Q37 How do we bring green into our vertical environment?
Q38 Can greenery improve our productivity?
Q39 Can an urban hotel be a tropical resort?
Q40 How about shopping in a park-like setting?
Q41 How can green and nature improve our learning?
Q42 Is nature the best medicine?
Q43 A new trend for the R&D environment?
Q44 Is building a green environment a good business proposition?
Round Table 5: Realizing Visions Through PartnershipQ45 How does the green city evolve?
Essay: Kathryn Gustafson, Henry Steed
Q46 Inspiration for Vertical Green?
Q47 Is Singapore the only city pursuing green buildings?
Q48 Toyo Ito Is the office of the future one big tree?
Q49 What are the benefits of being liveable?
Q50 What does it mean to be green?



Manhattan Grid
This issue commemorates the 200th anniversary of the Manhattan Grid by looking at it from a number of perspectives. Speaking of the grid, David M. Childs, Chairman of the Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) says, The Manhattan street grid is the single most important characteristic that defines New York and makes it unique. While its rigid geometry is often first thought to be restrictive, the anonymity of the grid actually encourages flexibility. The richness of the city fabric is evident in the photographs by Toru Hasegawa (pp 48-53), who documented images along Broadway from the World Trade Center to Columbia University. Perhaps the grid is not only a tool by which to grasp the scale of the city, but also a platform on which multiculturalism could thrive.
The first part presents visualizations of census and zoning data made available by the city, as well as photographs and axonometric drawings to illustrate the changes and realities of Manhattan over the past two centuries. The preface collects commentaries on the grid from 11 architects whose practices are based in the city. Traversing from past, present to future, their perspectives shed light on the relationship of the grid to the city, its architecture, and its society today. The latter part of this issue catalogues 100 notable buildings in Manhattan. This architectural guide could also be viewed online (p 146).
At the dawn of the 21st century, cities around the world are competing to produce sustainable and ecological societies. Having declared its vision for 2020 (p 30), New Yorks ongoing transformation and renewal may provide a glimpse of its projected future. (a+u)
Aerial Photos of Manhattan
What is Manhattan Grid for Architects?
Building and City
Maps of Manhattan in 1811 and 2008
The Great Grid of Manhattan
Amanda Burden
Height Diagrams
Zoning Plan of Manhattan Grid in 2011
Shifting of Population Density 19002010
Cityscape Avenue and Street
Walking on the Broadway
Isometric Buildings of Manhattan (Chronological Order, Heights Order)
Skyline View of Manhattan
Car and City in 1900s
Maps of Manhattan and Tokyo
Manhattan Architecture Guide
The Future is Past Empire State Building Retrofit
John Gendall
Interview and Essay:
BMW Guggenheim Lab in New York
Out into the Streets David van der Leer
Confronting Comfort Charles Montgomery
A Beehive Thomas Girst
BIM for Infrastructure
Festival of Ideas for the New City:
Audi Urban Future: Tangible Models for Manhattan in 2030
Book Review:
Reread Delirious New York
Yuusuke Karasawa
194X9/11: American Architects and the City
Affairs of Manhattan Since 1811


Feature: Andrea Palladio in Vicenza

Henn Architekten Wins the International Competition to Design the Haikou Tower / WORK Architecture Company Wins Competition to Redesign St. Petersburgs New Holland Island / The University of California, Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive by Diller Scofidio + Renfro

Andrea Palladio in Vicenza

Palladio a stoneworker whose architecture came to embody his city and the spirit of the nobility of his time. His so-called Palladian style has for centuries been a model and source of inspiration far beyond the borders of his native land. Andrea Palladio flourished in Vicenza in the Republic of Venice in the 16th century. The 500th anniversary of his birth was celebrated in 2008. Due to the fame of his La Rotunda, with its perfect symmetry in both plan and elevation, and of his book The Four Books of Architecture, the general impression of Palladio might be that of an architectural theorist who pursued uncompromising perfection in proportion and geometry. But his own writings contain numerous references to compromises with the desire of his clients for comfort and expression of their status. The combination of convenience, stability, and beauty that Palladio sought will last forever.
Over the last 450 years, not a few works by Palladio fell into a state of almost ruinous disrepair. Although most of them are registered in the UNESCO world heritage list and many are under government management, many others have been restored and managed by private enterprises and private owners. Without their affection, knowledge, and financial support, Palladios palazzos and villas would not exist today and would have no future. This special issue introduces the architecture of Palladio, featuring mainly works in and around Vicenza, with new photos. We thank Dr. Guido Beltramini, director of the Centro Internazionale di Studi di Architettura Andrea Palladio, and the staff of the center for their generous help. We also thank the owners for their understanding and cooperation during the photo sessions.
Yoco Fukuda-Noennig, Guest Editor

A Silkworm, a Construction Kit, a Ruined Temple and a Book:
Clues to the Reasons for Palladios Success
Guido Beltramini

Villa Godi

Palazzo Thiene

Villa Saraceno

Villa Poiana

Logge del the Palazzo della Ragione Basilica

Palazzo Chiercati

Villa Cornaro

Villa Badoer

Villa Emo

Villa Foscari La Malcontenta

History of Villa Foscari
Antonio Foscari, the owner of Villa Foscari

Palazzo Valmarana

Loggia del Capitaniato

Villa Almerico Capra La Rotonda

Valmarana Family and La Rotonda
Nicol Valmarana, the son of the owner of La Rotonda

Palazzo Barbaran da Porto

Teatro Olimpico

Palazzo Volpe

Project Map

Chronological List of the Works of Palladio, 15311595



Feature: Recent Sacred Space
BIG wins the Competition to Renovate Transitlager in Basel / Mateo Arquitectura and Dominique Perrault Architecture win the Lyon Confluence / West 8 Winner of Freiham Nord Urban and Landscape Planning Competition, Munich
Recent Sacred Space
Often one is surprised by a feeling of peacefulness when visiting a church, shrine, or temple. Is this because these buildings receive all equally, whether those who come hoping for comfort or those who come there accidentally?
This issue features Recent Sacred Space. It is a collection of 15 built works ranging from chapels to synagogues and a memorial for the victims of witch trials. Geographically it ranges from Nordic countries such as Norway and Finland to South American countries such as Brazil and Chile. The materials used in these works include wood, reinforced concrete, tiles, and PTFE.
Karla Britton notes in her essay that there was a historical trajectory in the history of modern architecture which emphasized forms that gave expression to the spirit. She also explains how the religious building type has often been a locus for advancement and innovation in modern architectural design. On the other hand, today one also sees designs which, while remaining consciously sacred buildings, seek to avoid any form of representation or specific religious symbolic system. How do people experience sacred space in the twenty-first century? (a+u)
Contemporary Sacred Architecture and
the Works of Master Architects of the 20th Century
Karla Britton
Avanto Architects
Chapel of St. Lawrence
Tabuenca & Leache Arquitectos
San Jorge Church
Karl Frey
Catholic Church in Dietenhofen
Synagogue LJG
Manuel Herz Architects
Jewish Community Center of Mainz
Königs Architekten
Parish Centre St. Francis
JKMM Architects
Viikki Church
Massimiliano Fuksas
Foligno Parish Complex
Paulo Mendes da Rocha
Our Lady of the Conceptions Chapel
JLCG Arquitectos
St. Antnio Church
Vicens + Ramos
Parish Center in Rivas-Vaciamadrid
Undurraga Devs Arquitectos
Retreat Chapel
Handel Architects
National September 11 Memorial
Peter Zumthor
Steilneset, Memorial for the Victims of the Witch Trials



Architecture in the Netherlands 2000‐2011
This issue features architecture mainly completed in the Netherlands from 2000 to 2011 and trends in the architecture of the Netherlands over the past 10 years. The works in this issue were selected by guest editor Ole Bouman, Director of the Netherlands Architecture Institute (NAi), and the NAi editorial team (Bouman, Chris Luth and Marten Kuijpers). In addition to the 30 featured works, 100 works are listed and indicated on the maps at the front of the issue.
Architecture designed by Dutch firms such as OMA and MVRDV has appeared frequently in the architectural media since the 1980s. Phrases like programmatic and SuperDutch have dominated the discussion and served as watchwords for new design methods. At that time, there was probably no other movement that exerted such a strong influence on architectural students and young architects.
So what is the state of Dutch architecture recently? We visited NAi in Rotterdam in the summer of 2011. From the meeting space in the NAi building, located in the museum park, a few high-rise buildings under construction and a couple of cranes could be seen. Ole Bouman said, Once these buildings have been completed, we will probably not be seeing new cranes for a while, explaining the effect of the global financial crisis on architecture in the Netherlands. But, he continued, That is why something interesting has happened.
The works in this issue were classified into three categories: architecture aiming at an emotional or intellectual response; architecture focusing on craftsmanship and precision; and performative architecture. The editorial team calls the third architecture of consequence and portrays its practitioners as urban activists. Henk WJ Ovink explains in his essay that alliances with politics, development, investment, and education are essential. It seems that architects in the Netherlands have started something new again, expanding the role of architects and opening up new possibilities.
We would like to express our special thanks to the NAi editorial team, the authors of the articles, and all of the architects who contributed to this issue.(a+u)
Maps of the Netherlands
100 Selected Works in the Netherlands 20002011
Dutch Architecture at the Crossroads
Ole Bouman
1. Architecture of Affect
WAM architecten, Inntel Hotels Amsterdam-Zaandam
Koen van Velsen, Rehabilitation Clinic Groot Klimmendaal
Geurst & Schulze Architecten, Le Medi
Meyer en Van Schooten Architects (MVSA), La Grande Cour
Neutelings Riedijk Architecten, Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision
Dick van Gameren and Bjarne Mastenbroek, Royal Netherlands Embassy
ONL, Hessing Cockpit
Liesbeth van der Pol, Dok Architecten, WKK Energy Plant
Soeters Van Eldonk Architecten, Castle Lelinhuyze
Wiel Arets, University Library, Utrecht
OMA, Souterrain Tram Tunnel
NL Architects, The BasketBar
Rob KrierChristoph KohlArchitekten, De Resident
MVRDV, Hageneiland
Architecture Education: The Delft Perspective
Karin Laglas and Dick van Gameren
2. Architecture of Autonomy
Biq Stadsontwerp, Knikflats
Atelier Kempe Thill, Hiphouse
Khne & Co, Office and Architects Dwelling on Boomgaardsstraat
Cepezed Architects, Westraven
Claus en Kaan, Bureau IJburg
Rapp + Rapp, Ypenburg Centre
De Nijl, Parkrand, Osdorp
Design and Politics Up for Change
Henk WJ Ovink
3. Architecture of Consequence
Doepel Strijkers Architects, Recycle Office HAKA building
Concrete, CitizenM Hotel
Zones Urbaines Sensibles, Schieblock
Pi de Bruijn, de Architekten Cie., Rebuilding Roombeek
Studio Marco Vermeulen, Klavertje 4
Architectenbureau Marlies Rohmer, De Matrix Community School
Hulshof Architecten, Wallisblok
Dynamo Architecten, NDSM Studio City
2012Architecten, Villa Welpeloo


Feature: Recent Projects

Currents: BIG Unveils a Ski Resort in Finland / The Scotts Tower in
Singapore by UN studio

Audi Urban Future Summit 2011
An Emerging Network for Thinking Cities

Photo essay:
Ronchamp site

Photo essay:
Sagrada Familia

Autodesk University 2011
Forward into the Future Emerging Tools and Practices

Recent Projects

Norwegian Wild Reindeer Centre Pavilion

Gijs Van Vaerenbergh
Reading between the Lines

Gijs Van Vaerenbergh
Upside Dome

Cave for Kids

mab architects
Plinthos Pavilion

Sebastian Bergne
Lego Greenhouse

Herzog & de Meuron
Museum der Kulturen Basel

Mrida Factory Youth Movement

Preston Scott Cohen
Tel Aviv Museum of Art

Estudio Barozzi Veiga
Ribera del Duero Wine Headquarters

Steven Holl Architects
Herning Museum of Contemporary Art

Plan:b Arquitectos + Ctrl G estudio de Arquitectura
Pajarito La Aurora Kindergarten

Mazzanti Arquitectos + Plan:b Arquitectos
Four Sports Scenarios for the Southamerican Games

Paredes & Pino Architects
Open Center of Civic Activities

Ordos Museum



Feature: Small and Sustainability
It seems safe to say that the relationship between architecture and society is something that we have never stopped discussing. Recently, however, there has been a remarkable intensification in the way that architects are rethinking what they themselves can do as individuals, and how they can contribute to society.
This issue features simple and small examples of how architecture can contribute to realizing the sustainable society of the future. The featured works include a house with thick cobwork walls made of a mixture of clay and straw (Switzerland); a mountain hut of in-situ concrete built with formwork from old exterior paneling (Switzerland); a reconstructed boathouse with interior walls and window frames of discarded lumber (Norway); a weekend house originally built in the 15th century and converted several times for different uses (Italy); an extension to a 200-year-old wine cellar (Austria); a house renovated by the clients themselves for four years (Belgium); bamboo sleeping units for orphans (Thailand), and so on.
The issue also features five energy-efficient houses, including two experimental university research projects.
Rotor, a collective of young Belgian researchers who investigate design, material resources, and waste, contributed an essay for this issue. It introduces the concept of C2C popularized by the book Cradle to Cradle by William McDonough and Michael Braungart, which holds that waste can be eliminated by proper design. It examines the case of standard plasterboard, which was recently certified as a C2C product. (a+u)
Aires Mateus
Casa na Comporta
AFF Architekten
Hut on Fichtelberg Mountain
TYIN tegnestue Architects
Boathouse near Aure
TYIN tegnestue Architects
Soe Ker Tie House
TYIN tegnestue Architects
Safe Haven Library and Bathhouse
Christian Pottgiesser Architecturespossibles
Maison L
architecten de vylder vinck taillieu
House Rot-Ellen-Berg
architecten de vylder vinck taillieu
House BM
architecten de vylder vinck taillieu
House Bern Heim Beuk
EM2 Architekten
Renovation Alter Widum
Yes Architects
House K
Spaceshop Architekten
Eco-Friendly House in Deitingen
Petra Gipp Arkitektur + In Praise of Shadows
Service Building Cemetary at Ulriksdal
Essay: On Plasterboard and Cherry Trees
Virginia Tech Center
Virginia Tech Lumenhaus
Werner Sobek
F87 Efficiency House Plus with Electromobility
Karawitz Architecture
Passive House in Bessancourt
Solar House, Vens, Aosta Valley
Daly Genik Architects
Palms House


Feature: 500th Issue Word and Image

500th Issue Word and Image
With this issue, a+u reaches a landmark 500 issues since its foundation. That we have come this far is due solely to the support of our readers and others involved in the field of architecture. We are very grateful.
In todays global information society, the world seems to have become smaller. As the view changes, it seems that creativity and the thirst for knowledge are being lost.
Around 1971, when this magazine was founded, it must have been incomparably harder to gather information about international architecture than it is today, when information of every kind is overflowing on the Web. In those times, one of the pleasures of reading must have been the exercise of imagination touched off by a photo (often a grainy one) or a phrase in a essay.
For issue 500, three editorial advisors have selected the best from among the many brilliant essays contributed to a+u by authors from around the world.
The selected essays are remarkable for their insight into architectural trends of the time and for the inspiration they offer for the architecture of the future. Drawings are presented along with the essays.
We hope that the essays republished here will be read by readers from the generation born after a+u was founded, and that they will find hints to inspire their thinking about architecture to come. This fall, we intend to publish another commemorative issue devoted to visual material from the first 500 issues.Regardless of the 40 years of architectural history introduced in these pages, and regardless of region, we have always tried to introduce the architecture that readers of the time demanded. Without chasing after fads and fashions, a+u will continue its conversation with the best that architecture has to offer. Please look forward to it. (Translated from Japanese by Thomas Donahue)Nobuyuki Yoshida
a+u 500 Covers

On a Selection Word and Image
Yasuhiro Teramatsu, Erwin J.S.Viray, Ken Tadashi Oshima

Paul Rudolph (a+u 71:02)
Essay: Twentieth Century Brick

Louis I. Kahn (a+u 73:01)
Essay: The Room, the Street and Human Agreement

Colin Rowe (a+u 75:10)
Essay: The Mathematics of the Ideal Villa

Bernard Tschumi (a+u 80:06)
Architectural Manifestoes Three Spaces

Rem Koolhaas (a+u 88:10)
From Delirious New York

Jeff Kipnis (a+u 90:01, Feature: Peter Eisenman)
Essay: A Matter of Respect

Jean-Louis Cohen (a+u 91:03)
Essay: Architecture and Modernity in the Soviet Union 19001937 part 1: The October Revolution and the Continuity of Architectural Culture

Jacques Lucan (a+u 95:09)
Essay: Architecture: Face to Face with Matter

Peter Zumthor (a+u 97:01)
Essay: The Body of Architecture Observations

Zaha M. Hadid, Wolf Prix, and Bernard Tschumi (a+u 98:07, Feature: Reality of the Image)

Sverre Fehns Sketches (a+u 99:01)

Barry Bergdoll (a+u 03:01)
Essay: Schinkel and Mies: Natures Perspective (Excerpts)

Toyo Ito (a+u 04:05)
Interview: In Pursuit of an Invisible Image (Interviewer: Kumiko Inui)

Peter Maekli (a+u 08:01)
Fragment of Lecture: On Ancient Architecture

Jutakutokushu (1 Year)

19th of every month.