Harvard University’s HORIZON HOUSE wins the 3rd LIXIL International University Architectural Competition

JA+U: Harvard University’s HORIZON HOUSE wins the 3rd LIXIL International University Architectural Competition, HORIZON HOUSE by Harvard University

HORIZON HOUSE by Harvard University

In the final screening of the 3rd LIXIL International University Architectural Competition, which was held publicly on April 20, Sat, 2013, HORIZON HOUSE by Harvard University was selected as the top prize among three finalists. Harvard University, National University of Singapore and Delft University of Technology were previously selected from a total of 12 designated universities from 11 different countries, to proceed to the selection of the top prize.

The competition was established by the LIXIL JS Foundation to inform the wider public of technological developments in the field. The foundation is actively engaged in search and verification of next-generation sustainable housing. In order to approach this multitude of experiments related to housing, Memu Meadows – Center for Research on Environmental Technologies – was opened in Taiki-cho, Hokkaido.

JA+U: Harvard University’s HORIZON HOUSE wins the 3rd LIXIL International University Architectural Competition ©Shinkenchiku-sha

Group photo with 3 universities and jurors (from right in back row: Kengo Kuma, Darko Radović; the second from left in back: Tomonari Yashiro)

During the open final screening, a heated discussion occurred between jury president, Kengo Kuma (architect / professor, University of Tokyo) and jurors, Tomonari Yashiro (doctor of engineering / vice president, University of Tokyo) and Darko Radović (professor, Keio University). They stressed the importance of interpreting the theme of this year’s competition, “RETREAT IN NATURE” (i.e., creating a hideaway detached from everyday life).

With support from Kengo Kuma and Associates, the team of Harvard University will arrive at a final design for HORIZON HOUSE, and the work is scheduled to be built in late October 2013 on a site at Meme Meadows.

Below are the project descriptions of HORIZON HOUSE, kaze house by National University of Singapore (Award of Excellence), and Simply Adjustable by Delft University of Technology (Award of Excellence):

 

Top Prize
Harvard University – HORIZON HOUSE

JA+U: Harvard University’s HORIZON HOUSE wins the 3rd LIXIL International University Architectural Competition, HORIZON HOUSE by Harvard University

General view in summer season. In summer months, the skylight may be opened to expel warm air and encourage cool breezes to enter from windows below.

HORIZON HOUSE presents a dialogue between private living space and the rural setting of Taiki-cho. Conceived as a horizontally continuous interior landscape – an interstitial space between two artificial constructs, floor and roof – the house provides a 360-degree view of its surroundings.

JA+U: Harvard University’s HORIZON HOUSE wins the 3rd LIXIL International University Architectural Competition, HORIZON HOUSE by Harvard University

Interior view.

Taiki-cho experiences a seasonal change in natural ground plane elevation due to heavy snowfall; to avoid partial burial in winter months and maintain distant landscape views, the living space is raised 1.5 m above the ground on a massive wooden base, which is recycled railroad ties stacked together.

JA+U: Harvard University’s HORIZON HOUSE wins the 3rd LIXIL International University Architectural Competition, HORIZON HOUSE by Harvard University

Section

JA+U: Harvard University’s HORIZON HOUSE wins the 3rd LIXIL International University Architectural Competition, HORIZON HOUSE by Harvard University

Unfolded thermodynamic section

Varied floor levels subdivide the interior space, and nature (greenery, topography, seasonal effects of climate) is on display from each room. Visual, acoustic, and tactile immediacy are used to heighten occupants’ awareness of their surroundings.

 

Award of Excellence
National University of Singapore – kaze house

JA+U: Harvard University’s HORIZON HOUSE wins the 3rd LIXIL International University Architectural Competition, kaze house by National University of Singapore

The sectional profile of the building forces the wind to deposit heavy amount of snow into the courtyard, producing an artificial snow dune. The accumulated snow could be tapped upon to run a Stirling engine to serve part of the daily energy needs of the retreat.

 

Award of Excellence
Delft University of Technology – Simply Adjustable

JA+U: Harvard University’s HORIZON HOUSE wins the 3rd LIXIL International University Architectural Competition, Simply Adjustable by Delft University of Technology

The house consists of the protecting triangular thatched roof and an adaptable box. By moving the box depending on the weather, they can adjust environment to the climate. The roof is made from hay which is a crop of this site. The hay-product workshop brings people from the cities in nature.

 

Participating Universities:
   Aalto University (Finland)
   Dresden University of Technology (Germany)
Delft University of Technology (The Netherlands)
   Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (Switzerland)
   The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London (UK)
   Vienna University of Technology (Austria)
Harvard University (USA)
   Tongji University (China)
National University of Singapore (Singapore)
   Hanoi Architectural University (Vietnam)
   Kyoto University (Japan)
   Hokkaido University (Japan)

Harvard University
Advisors: Mark Mulligan, Kiel Moe
Members: Ana Garcia Puyol, Thomas Sherman, Takuya Iwamura, Robert Daurio, Carlos Cerezo Davila, Matthew Conway, Mariano Gomez Luque, Natsuma Sigeo Imai

National University of Singapore
Advisors: Tsuto Sakamoto, Chaw Chih Wen
Members: Firus Faizal, Zakiah Supahat

Delft University of Technology
Advisors: Michele Riedijk, Stefano Milani, Alper Semih Alkan, Marc Hemel, Niklaas Deboutte, Jago van Bergen 
Members: Judith ten Kate, Nassim Nazaviam

Organizer: LIXIL JS Foundation
Cooperators: LIXIL Corporation Research Institute / Taiki-cho, Hokkaido
Supporters: Obihiro Development and Construction Dept. / Hokkaido Regional Development Bureau / Hokkaido Government Tokachi General Subprefectural Bureau / Architectural Institute of Japan / The Japan Institute of Architects (JIA) / Japan Federation of Architects & Building Engineers Associations / Shinkenchiku-sha Co., Ltd.

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